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Researchers noted that children of color are considered more makanan khas bali likely to live in multigenerational homes that benefit from Social Security, but Black recipients on average receive $2,330 less in annual Social Security than a white recipient. That difference can trickle down and eventually influence whether a child is considered to be living in poverty or not.

As cash transfers and tax credits disproportionately helped white children, and in-kind transfers disproportionately benefitted Black children, researchers said the opposing dynamic only exacerbates the gap between the Black-white child poverty rate.

Researchers believe that's due to how social policy programs are currently structured, as in-kind benefits come with an income requirement. That results in more Black and Brown families becoming eligible for programs like food stamps, housing subsidies and free and reduced lunch programs.

At the same time, cash transfer benefits, like the Child Tax Credit, Social Security and unemployment insurance, carry work requirements that result in more white families benefiting than Black families.

"It's showing that while these policies are good and they work, they're not necessarily equitable in distribution, "said Charles.

Restructuring current social policies to better address racial inequities could carry monumental change. For example, prior to the pandemic the Child Tax Credit provided up to $2,000 per child to qualifying families at tax season. It required families to earn more income with each additional child in order to access slotgacor the maximum benefit - leaving many low- to moderate-income families ineligible.



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